Emotet

The Emotet malware was considered the most widely spread malware in the past, using spam campaigns and malicious attachments to distribute the malware.

Emotet would then use infected devices to perform other spam campaigns and install other payloads, such as the QakBot (Qbot) and Trickbot malware. These payloads would then be used to provide initial access to threat actors to deploy ransomware, including Ryuk, Conti, ProLock, Egregor, and many others.

At the beginning of the year, an international law enforcement action coordinated by Europol and Eurojust took over the Emotet infrastructure and arrested two individuals.

German law enforcement used the infrastructure to deliver an Emotet module that uninstalled the malware from infected devices on April 25th, 2021.

Emotet returns after law enforcement operation

Today, researchers from Cryptolaemus, GData, and Advanced Intel have begun to see the TrickBot malware dropping a loader for Emotet on infected devices.

While in the past, Emotet installed TrickBot, the threat actors are now using a method dubbed “Operation Reacharound” to rebuild the Emotet botnet using TrickBot’s existing infrastructure.

Emotet expert and Cryptolaemus researcher Joseph Roosen told BleepingComputer that they had not seen any signs of the Emotet botnet performing spamming activity or found any malicious documents dropping the malware.

This lack of spamming activity is likely due to the rebuilding of the Emotet infrastructure from scratch and new reply-chain emails being stolen from victims in future spam campaigns.

The Emotet research group Cryptolaemus has begun analyzing the new Emotet loader and told BleepingComputer that it includes new changes compared to the previous variants.

“So far we can definitely confirm that the command buffer has changed. There’s now 7 commands instead of 3-4. Seems to be various execution options for downloaded binaries (since its not just dlls),” Cryptolaemus researchers told BleepingComputer.

Advanced Intel’s Vitali Kremez has also analyzed the new Emotet dropper and warned that the rebirth of the malware botnet would likely lead to a surge in ransomware infections.

“It is an early sign of the possible impending Emotet malware activity fueling major ransomware operations globally given the shortage of the commodity loader ecosystem,” Kremez told BleepingComputer in a conversation.

“It also tells us that the Emotet takedown did not prevent the adversaries from obtainging the malware builder and setting up the backend system bringing it back to life.”

Samples of the Emotet loader dropped by TrickBot can be found at Urlhaus.

Kremez told BleepingComputer that the current Emotet loader DLL has a compilation timestamp of “6191769A (Sun Nov 14 20:50:34 2021).”

Defending against the new Emotet botnet

Malware tracking non-profit organization Abuse.ch has released a list of command and control servers utilized by the new Emotet botnet and strongly suggests network admins block the associated IP addresses.

Unfortunately, the new Emotet infrastructure is growing rapidly, with over 246 infected devices already acting as command and control servers.

Network administrators are strongly advised to block all associated IP addresses to prevent their devices from being recruited into the newly reformed Emotet botnet.





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